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  Botanical Name :  Zingier officinale
  Family :  Zingiberaceae
  Common Name :  Ginger

Ginger is a tuber that is consumed whole as a delicacy, medicine, or herb. The characteristic odor and flavor of ginger is caused by a mixture of zingerone, shogaols and gingerols, volatile oils that compose one to three percent of the weight of fresh ginger. In laboratory animals, the gingerrols increase the motility of the gastrointestinal tract and have analgesic, sedative, antipyretic and antibacterial properties. Ginger contains up to three percent of a fragrant essential oil whose main constituents are sesquiterpenoids, with (-)-zingiberene as the main component. Smaller amounts of other sesquiterpenoids (β-sesquiphellandrene, bisabolene and farnesene) and a small monoterpenoid fraction (β-phelladrene, cineol, and citral) have also been identified. Nearly 42 chemical constituents and their pharmacological actions are included in this database.

  Constituents (Alphabetical order)